Thousands of athletes from different kind of sports have used altitude training to prepare for major tournaments and events for years.

The best athlete trainers and coaches in the world often advise that you conduct a few weeks of practice in an area of high altitude. The mountains can catalyze a lot of benefits both physically and mentally that continue to last even after you return to an area of low sea level.

It is widely assumed that the great training conducted in Austria and German on top of their mountains gives the athletes a major leg-up once they compete closer to sea level. From a geographical point of view both Austria and Germany enjoy flawless nature, gorgeous landscapes and vast mountain regions. Germany is strategically located from the North Sea to the majestic Alps in the South while Austria is located in the middle of the Alps.

Training in these high altitude areas has major benefits even for non pro athletes. The training could even be described as “legal doping.”

Why Does Altitude Training Work?

This is because the air is much thinner at these high altitudes.

Training at the Alps Mountains that is basically 6,000 to 10,000 feet above sea level is preferable and common among athletes. This is because the air is much thinner at these high altitudes. This means that at these altitudes the oxygen molecules per volume of air is less than normal. The natural body system requires a certain amount of oxygen to constantly be pumped but at such high altitudes the oxygen delivered is just not enough. Your body is forced to quickly compensate and adapt to the new environment.

A hormone known as erythropoietin (EPO) stimulates the increased production of red blood cells. According to scientific studies, the increased production of the red blood cells begin within 24 to 48 hours of arriving at the high altitude area. The levels of hemoglobin increases by about one percent per week at altitude.

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The body of an athlete training at such high altitudes quickly adapts to producing an increased amount of red blood cells. This is quite advantageous especially if tournaments and marathons take place in areas of lower sea levels. The lack of oxygen in the mountain areas makes the training feel much tougher. The body learns to endure hard situations, tolerate discomfort and push on much easily.

Studies also reveal that new non-pro athletes who may actually have lower levels of hemoglobin may experience a better boost than other pro-athletes.

Here is how a pro and a non pro athlete can get some of the benefits of the high altitude training.

Plan A Trip

There are a number of lodging areas within the region.

The beautiful Alp Mountains in Austria or Germany are one of the best destinations for such kind of training. There are a number of lodging areas within the region and trainers who direct altitude-training camps.

Don’t Forget Your Supplements

Staying hydrated is most important. Your body will be losing a lot of its fluid during the tedious training in the humid area therefore it is important to include more water than usual in your diet.

To boost your hemoglobin levels, remember to add a lot of food rich in iron. Eat a lot of vegetable, some red meat and beans. Any food rich in iron will be great for your body.

Be Patient With Your Training

For the first few days, try the easy exercise runs and tempos.

It is tempting to want to see progress as soon as possible when it comes to training, but excessive training will only strain your immune system.

Remember this is a high altitude area and the training and workout routine cannot necessarily be the same. For the first few days, try the easy exercise runs and tempos.

Progress to the much faster and harder workouts after a week or so, once you are positive that your body system is also ready.